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Greener Malaysia Series Part III

Power Plant Greenhouse Gases Reduction and Energy Saving

Toward a Greener Malaysia Series
Global warming is started to be an imperative issue that requires each individual action. Countries and organizations are taking the lead in rising awareness, and researchers are working extensively to find ways to reduce greenhouse gases emissions to slow climate change.

New technology in capturing carbon dioxide CO2, emission has been founded by researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and ExxonMobil. The new technology uses high-porous material called metal-organic framework modified with nitrogen containing amine molecules to capture the CO2 and low temperature steam to flush out the CO2 for other uses or to sequester it underground. This technology has seen to improve the Co2 capturing in power plant, resulting in reducing greenhouse gases emitted to the atmosphere and saving energy.

It is important to highlight that CO2 emission, largely constituted from electricity generating plants, fossil fuel burning vehicles, and industries, accounting for nearly 65% of the greenhouse gases emissions.

Malaysia has taken an action and pledged itself in Paris to lower its CO2 emissions by 45 percent from the point of 2005 by 2030, at the United Nations Conference on Climate Change also known as the 2015 Paris Climate and Conferences of the Parties (COP) 21. ‘’Recent studies have revealed that carbon dioxide emissions will continue to increase as long as Malaysian economy grows, unless there is a shift in the development paradigm of “grow first, clean up later” towards a greener and sustainable development paths’’.

In Malaysia there will be potential energy problems due to increasing demand for electricity and declining energy supplies. The demand for electricity is continuing to increase in Malaysia, according to the International Energy Agency (2015), because electricity is seen as a social good which is essential to economic growth and more specifically to alleviating poverty. Because of the combustion of fossil fuels to produce the required energy, carbon dioxide emissions from energy generation in Malaysia will continue to rise in the foreseeable future unless the industry moves towards the energy transition.

Reference:

1. (2020). Retrieved 30 August 2020, from http://www.ukm.my/jkukm/wp-content/uploads/2018/si1/6/8.pdf

2. Sanders, R. (2020). New technique to capture CO2 could reduce power plant greenhouse gases. Retrieved 30 August 2020, from https://news.berkeley.edu/2020/07/23/new-technique-to-capture-co2-could-reduce-power-plant-greenhouse-gases/

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